Photoshop is usually the last step in a photo’s journey. You’ve taken your photos and now you need to place them where they belong in Adobe Photoshop. The post-processing stage is an integral part of digital photography. Even when you’ve taken a photo that essentially looks perfect to you, there’s always room for a little photo editing magic to take it to the next level. In this guide, we will discuss photo editing with Photoshop for beginners.
There are many image editing tools out there, but most photographers usually start with Adobe Photoshop for basic photo editing. It’s a powerful yet intuitive tool that can help you get the best out of your images, so if you’re a serious photographer, learning how to edit images with Photoshop is essential.
1. Crop the image to improve your composition.
Sometimes a simple crop can make all the difference. Of all the photography editing tricks at your disposal, basic cropping is the easiest and can do wonders for your photo composition: it allows you to remove unnecessary elements, focus more on your subject and create more drama to achieve the maximum impact.
Cropping is a very simple and seemingly inconsequential step in the photography editing process. However, it makes a big difference in improving the composition of an image. If you’re not sure how to crop a particular photo, experiment with different crops to find the composition that appeals to you the most.
Plus, you can crop and resize your images freely without worrying about messing up their aspect ratio, since Photoshop now transforms most layer types proportionally by default.
2. Correct the exposure.
Despite your best efforts, there will be times when you still cannot achieve the correct exposure for your image. Fortunately, if you know how to edit images, this can be easily fixed.
If you’ve never used these tools before, Brightness/Contrast, Exposure, and Shadows/Highlights are pretty straightforward: all you have to do is move the sliders left or right to make adjustments. However, for more advanced Photoshop edits, you’ll need to learn how to read a histogram , which is a graph that shows the tonal range of the photo you’re currently editing.
Knowing how to read a histogram will help you make more precise adjustments, particularly with HDR Toning, as well as Curves and Levels , which are the exposure adjustment tools of choice for more experienced photographers. Adjusting the levels and having the right brightness and contrast in your photos can bring out specific details in your subject, as well as give it more clarity and depth.
3. Make color adjustments if necessary.
If you have correctly adjusted the white balance on your camera, you should not have to do any color correction on the resulting photos. Using the wrong white balance will result in a color cast, and that can drastically affect the vibrancy, saturation, and contrast of your photos.
Photoshop’s tools can help you fix it. The simplest tool for this is Color Balance, which allows you to adjust the colors of the shadows, midtones, or highlights in your image, or Selective Color, which allows you to pick a specific color in the image and change only those colors, For example, if your model’s skin appears too yellow or red, Selective Color allows you to make adjustments to the skin without affecting the other colors in the image.
Photo Filter adjustment
Always remember to create a Photo Filter adjustment layer so that you can modify the color of your image while preserving the original.
You can also use Vibrance, Hue/Saturation, or Channel Mixer (in Adjustments) for color correction. If that wasn’t enough, you can also visualize how you want the colors to look in your image using the color wheel color picker. This Photoshop CC 2023 update lets you see and choose individual colors, from harmonious groups to complementary and analogous colors. You can do this by selecting the Color Wheel option from the dropdown menu in the Color panel.
The Dodge and Burn tools, on the other hand, allow you to highlight or darken specific areas in your photo to give it additional texture or character.
4. Remove unwanted blemishes (sensor dust, blemishes, and more).
Now that you’ve color corrected your image, it’s time for some selective corrections. If your sensor is dirty, dust particles will show up in your photos, resulting in tiny dots that consistently appear in the same area on every photo you take. To avoid this problem, be sure to clean your sensor first.
perhaps some blemishes on the model’s skin, a stain on the model’s clothing that you didn’t notice during the shoot, a dirty background, as well as fine, odd patterns. known as the more effect.
5. Apply sharpen or blur filters.
Even if your image is perfectly in focus, you can still benefit from a bit of sharpening to emphasize detail more or to reduce anti-aliasing.
Or, if you don’t have the right lens to create a more attractive depth of field, Photoshop’s blur tools can help you achieve that (up to a point).
Most images benefit from sharpening as it adds more definition to the edges of the subject. The need to sharpen an image will depend on where you are viewing the photo, whether on a computer screen or in print. Either way, the general rule of thumb in photo editing is to always apply minimal changes in increments. If you want to improve the sharpness of your image, make small adjustments and evaluate as you go to avoid exaggerating and creating noise in the image.
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